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When possible, pdfs of journal articles are available on ResearchGate and on arXiv.  If you would like a pdf copy, please email.

A complete list of publications is below. To help with focused searches, we have also organized our publications according to our three primary areas of research: 1) Advanced Materials, 2) Integrated and Nonlinear Optics, and 3) Bio/Chem detection. Click on any tab to see the associated list. Given the overlap between some areas, some publications appear on more than once.

These papers cover the general fields of: novel materials (organic, inorganic), biomaterials, and novel devices that relied on new materials.

These papers cover the general fields of: novel optical devices, nonlinear optics using optical devices, and applications of waveguides and resonant cavities. For many of the sensors, experiments involving animal and human samples are located in the bio/chem detection tab.

These papers cover the general fields of: resonant cavity biodetection and instrumentation validation for diagnostics. The majority of the bio-papers use "real" (animal or human) samples and study a specific hypothesis related to a biological question. The chemical sensors are similar. They are validating instruments or methods initially published as either an advanced material or integrated optics topic. In some cases, the papers are included on both lists.

  1. A. M. Armani, D. Hunt, D. Hwang, M. McCarthy, A. Scholtz, “Low-tech solutions for the COVID-19 supply chain crisis“, Nature Reviews Materials, (2020).
  2. R. C. She, D. Chen, P. Pak D. K. Armani, A. Schubert, A. M. Armani, “Build-at-home UV-C disinfection system for healthcare settings“, (2020). (available on arxiv)
  3. A. Kovach, J. He, P. J. G. Saris, D. Chen, A. M. Armani, “Optically tunable microresonator using an azobenzene monolayer“, AIP Advances 10 (4), 045117, (2020).
  4. A. Kovach, D. Chen, J. He, H. Choi, A. H. Dogan, M. Ghasemkhani, H. Taheri, A. M. Armani, “Emerging material systems for integrated optical Kerr frequency combs“, Advances in Optics and Photonics 12 (1), 135-222, (2020).
  5. X. Shen, H. Choi, D. Chen, W. Zhao, A. M. Armani, “Raman laser from an optical resonator with a grafted single-molecule monolayer”, Nature Photonics 14, 95-101 (2020).
  6. O. Reshef, I. Aharonovich, A. M. Armani, S. Gigan, R. Grange, M. A. Kats, R. Sapienza, “How to organize an online conference“, Nature Materials Reviews 5, 253-256 (2020).
  7. R. Zeto, D. Cummins, A. Gallegos, M. Shao, A. Armani, “General strategy for doping rare earth metals into Au-ZnO core-shell nanospheres”, Journal of Materials Research 34 (23), 3877-3886 (2019).
  8. D. Chen, A. Kovach, S. Poust, V. Gambin, A. M. Armani, “Normal dispersion silicon oxynitride microresonator Kerr Frequency combs“, Applied Physics Letters 115 (5), 1105 (2019).
  9. H. Choi, D. Chen, F. Du, R. Zeto, A. M. Armani, “Low threshold anti-Stokes Raman laser on-chip“, Photonics Research 7 (8), 926-932 (2019).
  10. A. W. Hudnut, N. A. Trasolini, G. F. Hatch, A. M. Armani, “Biomechanical analysis of porcine cartilage elasticity“, Annals of Biomedical Engineering 47 (1), 202-212 (2019).
  11. S. Soltani, V. Diep, R. Zeto, A. M. Armani, “Stimulated Anti-Stokes Raman emission generated by gold nanorod coated optical resonators”, ACS Photonics 5 (9), 3550-3556 (2018).
  12. S. McBirney, D. Chen, A. Scholtz, H. Ameri, A. M. Armani, “A rapid diagnostic for point-of-care malaria screening”, ACS Sensors 3 (7), 1264-1270 (2018).
  13. H. Choi, A. M. Armani, “Raman-Kerr frequency combs in Zr-doped silica hybrid microresonators”, Optics Letters 43 (12), 2949-2952 (2018).
  14. A. W. Hudnut, L. Lash-Rosenberg, A. Xin, J. Leal Doblado, C. Zurita-Lopez, Q. Wang, A. M. Armani, “Role of extracellular matrix in the biomechanical behavior of pancreatic tissue”, ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering 4 (5), 1916-1923 (2018).
  15. X. Shen, R. Castro-Beltran V. Diep, S. Soltani, A. M. Armani, “Low threshold parametric oscillation in organically modified microcavities”, Science Advances 4 (1), eaao4507 (2018).
  16. R. Castro-Beltran*, V. Diep*, S. Soltani, E. Gungor, A. M. Armani, “Plasmonically enhanced Kerr frequency combs”, ACS Photonics 4 (11), 2828-2834 (2017). 
  17. A. W. Hudnut, B. Babaei, S. Liu, B. K. Larson, S. M. Mumenthaler, A. M. Armani, “Characterization of the mechanical properties of resected porcine organ tissue using optical fiber photoelastic polarimetry”, Biomedical Optics Express 8 (10), 4663-4670 (2017).
  18. J. De Anda, E. Y. Lee, C. K. Lee, R. R. Bennett, X. Ji, S. Soltani, M. C. Harrison, A. E. Baker, Y. Luo, T. Chou, G. A. O’Toole, A. M. Armani, R. Golestanian, G. C. L. Wong, “High-Speed “4D” computational microscopy of bacterial surface motility”, ACS Nano 11 (9), 9340-9351 (2017).
  19. D. Chen, A. Kovach, X. Shen, S. Poust, A. M. Armani, “On-chip ultra-high Q silicon oxynitride optical resonators”, ACS Photonics 4 (9), 2376-2381 (2017).
  20. A. W. Hudnut, A. M. Armani, “High-resolution analysis of the mechanical behavior of tissue”, Applied Physics Letters 110 (24), 243701 (2017).
  21. V. M. Diep, A. M. Armani, “Flexible light-emitting nanocomposite based on ZnO nanotetrapods“, Nano Letters 16 (12), 7389-7393 (2016).
  22. S. Soltani, A. W. Hudnut, A. M. Armani, “On-chip asymmetric microcavity optomechanics“, Optics Express 24 (26), 29613-29623 (2016).
  23. T. D. Rane, A. M. Armani, “Two-photon microscopy analysis of gold nanoparticle uptake in 3D cell spheroids“, PLOS ONE 11 (12) e0167548 (2016).
  24. H. Choi, A. M. Armani, “High efficiency Raman lasers based on Zr-doped silica hybrid microcavities“, ACS Photonics 3 (12), 2383-2388  (2016).
  25. M. Lee, A. M. Armani, “Flexible UV exposure sensor based on UV responsive polymer“, ACS Sensors 1 (10), 1251-1255 (2016).
  26. S. E. McBirney, K. Trinh, A. Wong-Beringer, A. M. Armani, “Wavelength-normalized spectroscopic analysis of Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa growth rates“, Biomedical Optics Express 7 (10), 4034-4042 (2016).
  27. E. K. Moen, B. L. Ibey, H. T. Beier, A. M. Armani, “Investigating membrane nanoporation induced by bipolar pulsed electric fields via second harmonic generation“, Applied Physics Letters 109 (11), 113701 (2016).
  28. E. K. Moen, B. L. Ibey, H. T. Beier, A. M. Armani, “Quantifying pulsed electric field-induced membrane nanoporation in single cells“, BBA-Biomembranes 1858 (11), 2795-2803 (2016).
  29. E. Gungor, A. M. Armani, “Photocleavage of covalently immobilized amphiphilic block copolymer: From bi- to monolayer“, Macromolecules 49 (16), 5773-5781 (2016).
  30. M. E. Lee, E. Gungor, A. M. Armani, “Photocleavage of poly(methyl acryclate) with centrally located o-Nitrobenzyl moiety: Influence of environment on kinetics”, Macromolecules 48 (24), 8746-8751 (2015).
  31. M. Harrison, A. M. Armani, “Portable polarimetric fiber stress sensor system for visco-elastic and biomimetic material analysis”, Applied Physics Letters 106 (20), 191105 (2015).
  32. X. Zhou, L. Zhang, A. M. Armani, J. Liu, X. Duan, D. Zhang, H. Zhang, W. Pang, “An integrated photonic gas sensor enhanced by optimized Fano effects in coupled microring resonators with an athermal waveguide”, Journal of Lightwave Technology 33 22, 4521-4530 (2015).
  33. V. Sun, A. M. Armani, “Real-time detection of lipid bilayer assembly and detergent-initiated solubilization”, Applied Physics Letters 106 (7), 071103 (2015).
  34. M. V. Chistiakova, C. Shi, A. M. Armani, “Label-free, single molecule resonant cavity detection: A double-blind experimental study”, Sensors 15 (3), 6324-6341 (2015).
  35. A. B. Socorro, S. Soltani, I. Del Villar, J. M. Corres, A. M. Armani, “Temperature sensor based on a hybrid ITO-silica resonant cavity”, Optics Express 23 (3), 1930-1937 (2015). 
  36. R. Hawk, A. M. Armani, “Label-free detection of 5’hydroxymethylcytosine within CpG islands using optical sensors”, Biosensors and Bioelectronics 65, 198-203 (2015).
  37. M. V. Chistiakova, A. M. Armani, “Photoelastic ultrasound detection using ultra-high-Q silica optical resonators”, Optics Express 22 (23), 28169-28179 (2014).
  38. M. V. Chistiakova, A. M. Armani, “Optical detection of CO and CO2 temperature dependent desorption from carbon nanotube clusters”, Nanotechnology 25 (39), 395201 (2014).
  39. M. I. Cheema, C. Shi, A. M. Armani, A. G. Kirk, “Optimizing the signal to noise ratio of microcavity sensors”, IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 26 (20), 2023-2026 (2014).
  40. S. Soltani, A. M. Armani, “Optothermal transport behavior in whispering gallery mode optical cavities”, Applied Physics Letters 105 (5), 051111 (2014).
  41. S. Mehrabani, A. J. Maker, A. M. Armani, “Hybrid integrated label-free chemical and biological sensors”, Sensors 14 (4), 5890-5928 (2014).
  42. N. Deka, A. J. Maker, A. M. Armani, “Titanium enhanced Raman microcavity laser”, Optics Letters 39 (6), 1354-1357 (2014).
  43. M. Harrison, A. M. Armani, “Spatiotemporal fluorescent detection measurements using embedded waveguide sensors”, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 20 (2), 7000207 (2014).
  44. H. K. Hunt, A. M. Armani, “Bioconjugation strategies for label-free optical microcavity sensors” , IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 20 (2), 6900213 (2014).
  45. X. Zhou, L. Zhang, A. M. Armani, D. Zhang, X. Duan, J. Liu, H. Zhang, W. Pang, “On-chip biological and chemical detection with reversed Fano lineshape enabled by embedded microring resonators”, IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 20 (3), 5200110 (2014).
  46. C. Shi, S. Soltani, A. M. Armani, “Gold nanorod plasmonic upconversion microlaser”, Nano Letters 13 (12), 5827-5831 (2013).
  47. A. J. Maker, A. M. Armani, “NanoWatt threshold, alumina sensitized neodymium laser integrated on silicon”, Optics Express 21 (22), 27238-27245 (2013).
  48. R. M. Hawk, M. V. Chistiakova, A. M. Armani, “Monitoring DNA hybridization using optical microcavities”, Optics Letters 38 (22), 4690-4693 (2013).
  49. S. Mehrabani, A. M. Armani, “Blue upconversion laser based on thulium doped silica microcavity”, Optics Letters 38 (21), 4346-4349 (2013).
  50. X. Zhang, A. M. Armani, “Silica microtoroid resonator sensor with monolithically integrated waveguides”, Optics Express 21 (20), 23592-23603 (2013).
  51. A. J. Maker, A. M. Armani, “Heterodyned toroidal microlaser sensor”, Applied Physics Letters 103 (12), 123302 (2013).
  52. M. I. Cheema, U. A. Khan, A. M. Armani, A. G. Kirk, “Towards more accurate microcavity sensors: maximum likelihood estimation applied to a combination of quality factor and wavelength shifts”, Optics Express 21 (19), 22817-22828 (2013).
  53. X. Zhou, L. Zhang, A. M. Armani, R. G. Beausoleil, A. E. Willner, W. Pang, “Power enhancement and phase regimes in embedded microring resonators in analogy with electromagnetically induced transparency”, Optics Express 21 (17), 20179-20186 (2013).
  54. A. Harker, S. Mehrabani, A. M. Armani, “Ultra-violet light detection using an optical microcavity”, Optics Letters 38 (17), 3422-3425 (2013).
  55. S. Mehrabani, P. Kwong, M. Gupta, A. M. Armani, “Hybrid microcavity humidity sensor”, Applied Physics Letters 102, 241101 (2013).
  56. S. Soltani,  A. M. Armani, “Optimal design of suspended silica on-chip splitter”, Optics Express 21 (6), 7748-7757 (2013).
  57. C. R. Murthy,  A. M. Armani, “Mass transport effects in suspended waveguide biosensors integrated in microfluidic channels”, Sensors 12 (11), 14327-14343 (2012).
  58. X. Zhang, M. Harrison, A. Harker, A. M. Armani, “Serpentine low loss trapezoidal silica waveguides on silicon”, Optics Express 20 (20), 22298-22307 (2012).
  59. M. Chistiakova, A. M. Armani, “Cascaded Raman microlaser in air and buffer”, Optics Letters 37 (19), 4068-4070 (2012).
  60. A. J. Maker, B. A. Rose, A. M. Armani, “Tailoring the behavior of optical microcavities with high refractive index sol-gel coatings”, Optics Letters 37 (14), 2844-2846 (2012).
  61. B. A. Rose, A. J. Maker, A. M. Armani, “Characterization of thermo-optic coefficient and material loss of high refractive index silica sol-gel films in the visible and near-IR”, Optical Materials Express 2 (5), 671-681 (2012).
  62. M. I. Cheema, S. Mehrabani, Y.-A. Peter, A. M. Armani, A. G. Kirk, “Simultaneous measurement of quality factor and wavelength shift by phase shift microcavity ring down spectroscopy”, Optics Express 20 (8), 9090-9098 (2012).
  63. C. Shi, S. Mehrabani, A. M. Armani, “Leveraging bimodal kinetics to improve detection specificity”, Optics Letters 37 (10), 1643-1645 (2012).
  64. A. J. Maker, A. M. Armani, “Fabrication of silica ultra high quality factor microresonators”, Journal of Visualized Experiment 65, e4164 (2012). 1) see YouTube channel for video 2) Protocols
  65. L. M. Freeman, A. M. Armani, “Photobleaching of Cy5 conjugated lipid bilayers determined with optical microresonators”, Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 19 (3), 1160-1165 (2012).
  66. B. Biggs, H. K. Hunt, A. M. Armani, “Selective patterning of Si-based biosensor surfaces using isotropic silicon etchants”, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 369 (1), 477-481 (2012).
  67. H. -S. Choi*, D. Neiroukh*, H. K. Hunt, A. M. Armani, “Thermo-optic coefficient of polyisobutylene ultrathin films measured with integrated photonic devices”,Langmuir 28 (1), 849-854 (2012). *authors contributed equally
  68. C. Shi, H. -S. Choi, A. M. Armani, “Optical microcavities with a thiol-functionalized gold nanoparticle polymer thin film coating”, Applied Physics Letters 100 (1), 013305 (2012).
  69. A. J. Maker, A. M. Armani, “Low loss silica on silicon waveguide”, Optics Letters 36 (19), 3729-3731 (2011).
  70. C. E. Soteropulos, H. K. Hunt, A. M. Armani, “Determination of binding kinetics using whispering gallery mode microcavities”, Applied Physics Letters 99 (10), 103703 (2011).
  71. X. Zhang, A. M. Armani, “Suspended bridge-like silica 2×2 beam splitter on silicon”, Optics Letters 36 (15), 3012-3014 (2011).
  72. H. -S. Choi, S. Ismail, A. M. Armani, “Studying polymer thin films with hybrid optical microcavities”, Optics Letters 36 (11), 2152-2154 (2011).
  73. L. M. Freeman, S. Li, Y. Dayani, H.-S. Choi, N. Malmstadt, A. M. Armani, “Excitation of Cy5 in self-assembled lipid bilayers using optical microresonators”, Applied Physics Letters 98 (15), 143703 (2011).
  74. H. K. Hunt, A. M. Armani, “Recycling microcavity optical biosensors”, Optics Letters 36 (7), 1092-1094 (2011).
  75. H.-S. Choi, A. M. Armani, Thermal non-linear effects in hybrid optical microresonators”, Applied Physics Letters 97 (22), 223306 (2010).
  76. H. K. Hunt, C. Soteropulos, A. M. Armani, “Bioconjugation strategies for microtoroidal optical resonators,” Sensors 10 (10), 9317 (2010).
  77. H. K. Hunt, A. M. Armani, “Label-free biological and chemical sensors,” Nanoscale 2, 1544-1559 (2010).
  78. X. Zhang, H.-S. Choi, A. M. Armani, “Ultimate quality factor of silica microtoroid resonant cavities,” Applied Physics Letters 96 (15), 153304 (2010).
  79. H.-S. Choi, X. Zhang, A. M. Armani, “Hybrid silica-polymer ultra-high-Q microresonators,” Optics Letters 35 (4), 459 (2010).
  80. H.-S. Hsu, C. Cai, A. M. Armani, “Ultra-low-threshold Er:Yb sol-gel microlaser on silicon,” Optics Express 17 (25), 23265 (2009).
  81. R. P. Kulkarni, S. E. Fraser, A. M. Armani, “Characterization of High-Q Optical Microcavities using Confocal Microscopy,” Optics Letters 33 (24), 2931 (2008).


  1. A. M. Armani, R. P. Kulkarni, S. E. Fraser, R. C. Flagan, K. J. Vahala, “Label-free, single-molecule detection with optical microcavities,” Science 317 (5839), 783 (2007).
  2. A. M. Armani, A. Srinivasan, K. J. Vahala, “Soft lithographic fabrication of high Q polymer microcavity arrays,” Nano Letters 7(6), 1823 (2007).
  3. A. M. Armani, K. J. Vahala, “Heavy water detection using UHQ toroidal microcavities,” Optics Letters 31 (12), 1896 (2006).
  4. A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, S. M. Spillane, “Ultra-high-Q microcavity operation in H2O and D2O,” Applied Physics Letters 87 (15),  151118 (2005).
  5. D. K. Armani, B. K. Min, A. L. Martin, K. J. Vahala, “Electrical thermo-optic tuning of ultrahigh-Q microtoroid resonators,” Applied Physics Letters 85 (22), 5439 (2004).
  6. A. L. Martin, D. K. Armani, L. Yang, K. J. Vahala, “Replica-molded high-Q polymer microresonators,” Optics Letters 29 (6), 533 (2004).